The design of efficient schemes for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) regeneration is essential for the development of enzymatic biotechnological processes in order to sustain continuous production. In line with our motivation for the encapsulation of redox cascades in liposomes to serve as microbioreactors, we developed a straightforward strategy for the interfacial oxidation of entrapped NADH by ferricyanide as an external electron acceptor. Instead of the commonly applied enzymatic regeneration methods, we employed a hydrophobic redox shuttle embedded in the liposome bilayer. Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) mediated electron transfer across the membrane and thus allowed us to shortcut and emulate part of the electron transfer chain functionality without the involvement of membrane proteins. To describe the experimental system, we developed a mathematical model which allowed for the determination of rate constants and exhibited handy predictive utility.
Wang, MinHui, Christian Wölfer, Lado Otrin, Ivan Ivanov, Tanja Vidaković-Koch, and Kai Sundmacher. "Transmembrane NADH Oxidation with Tetracyanoquinodimethane." Langmuir (2018).
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