The Kinetics of Small Extracellular Vesicle Delivery Impacts Skin Tissue Regeneration

Henriques-Antunes, Helena, Renato MS Cardoso, Alessandra Zonari, Joana Correia, Ermelindo C. Leal, Adrián Jiménez-Balsa, Miguel M. Lino et al. "The Kinetics of Small Extracellular Vesicle Delivery Impacts Skin Tissue Regeneration." ACS nano 13, no. 8 (2019): 8694-8707.

Abstract

Small extracellular vesicles (SEVs) offer a promising strategy for tissue regeneration, yet their short lifetime at the injured tissue limits their efficacy. Here, we show that kinetics of SEV delivery impacts tissue regeneration at tissue, cellular, and molecular levels. We show that multiple carefully timed applications of SEVs had superior regeneration than a single dose of the same total concentration of SEVs. Importantly, diabetic and non-diabetic wounds treated with a single time point dose of an injectable light-triggerable hydrogel containing SEVs demonstrated a robust increase in closure kinetics relative to wounds treated with a single or multiple doses of SEVs or platelet-derived growth factor BB, an FDA-approved wound regenerative therapy. The pro-healing activity of released SEVs was mediated at the tissue/cell level by an increase in skin neovascularization and re-epithelization and at the molecular level by an alteration in the expression of 7 miRNAs at different times during wound healing. This includes an alteration of has-miR-150-5p, identified here to be important for skin regeneration.

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